Tennis Elbow and Golfers Elbow
Lateral epicondylitis is one of the most common conditions we see within the elbow complex. Other conditions that affect this area such as fractures, dislocations and golfers elbow or medial epicondylitis, are also common.
Once thought to be purely an inflammatory process, lateral epicondylitis is a chronic or long term, degenerative process stemming from repetitive microtrauma. The microtrauma occurs at the insertion point (lateral epicondyle) of the common extensor tendons. The repetitive microtrauma is characteristic of an overuse injury, an underlying muscular imbalance and/or poor movement postures.
Elbow pain and tenderness occurs on the outside or lateral aspect of the joint. The damaged tendon site becomes very painful when used in activities such as lifting the kettle, pruning, shaking hands, or turning taps or door handles.
Tennis elbow is usually self-limiting and can resolve when correctly assessed and treated. Treatment involves unloading the tendon attachment site with specific taping techniques, rest from the aggravating activity, stretching, strengthening exercises and educating you on managing the problem.
Golfers elbow or medial epicondylitis is a similar problem but involves the inside of the elbow. Movements affecting this includes bending the wrist down (golf swing).
Golfers elbow is treated with taping techniques, rest, forearm flexor group stretching, strengthening exercises and education.